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1. ZU LEAN PRODUCTION, OPERATIONAL EXCELLENCE UND MEHR

Beitrag hochgeladen im Juni 2020

'Revisiting the Existing Notion of Continuous Improvement (Kaizen)' (2017) – Artikel-Zusammenfassung und Anmerkungen (2020)

Roman Ditzer

Kaizen wird gern auf die kleinen Schritte der Verbesserung reduziert. Tatsächlich wird dies der Vielfalt von Verbesserungsaktivitäten in japanischen Unternehmen aber nicht gerecht ...

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Shumpei Iwao, Ph.D.
Junior Associate Professor International Business Division, Faculty of Economics, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan
"As you say, Toyota's organizational structure has been adopted by several other auto companies ...
(Weiterlesen)
"As you say, Toyota's organizational structure has been adopted by several other auto companies. I agree with you about the middle manager who takes the place of in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer in companies smaller than Toyota.
In fact, in another study, I compared coordination systems of Japanese auto companies. And I discovered that in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer was abolished at one of these companies. The reason for this is this company has only one automobile factory, the physical distance between the factory and the head office is close, and the relationship between the head office and the site managers is deep. So, as you say, what matters in Kaizen is the coordination, not the in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer itself. The in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer is just one way to solve coordination problems.
I think there can be at least three ways to solve coordination problems:
1. solution by the site manager
2. by headquarter engineers who go to the production site
3. by In-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer
And I also think that in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer is not needed for small businesses. Rather, in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer has the role of 'making large companies into small and medium enterprises' (like a 'small-world-network' in graph theory)."

Beitrag hochgeladen im Mai 2020

'A New Approach to Designing Work' (2017) – Artikel-Zusammenfassung und Anmerkungen (2020)

Roman Ditzer

Effizienz und Flexibilität müssen keine Widersprüche sein. Bei Lean Production denkt man vor allem an Effizienz und hochgradig optimierte und standardisierte Arbeitsabläufe. Agilität gilt demgegenüber als die Antwort auf Rahmenbedingungen, die der Standardisierung von Abläufen entgegenstehen und in denen vielmehr Flexibilität gefordert ist ...

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2. ZUM THEMA CHINA

Beitrag hochgeladen im Mai 2013

'China zwischen zwei Polen der Wahrnehmung – Sichtweisen digital' (2013)

Roman Ditzer

Die Wahrnehmung Chinas in Deutschland und in Japan ist gekennzeichnet von einem merkwürdigen Kontrast. Die Euphorie bei deutschen Unternehmen steht in starkem Gegensatz zu dem Empfinden einer unmittelbar bevorstehenden Krise bei vielen Japanern. Überspitzt gesagt ist für die einen China ein neues Eldorado, für die anderen der Antichrist ...


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Kommentar 1 zu Artikel:
'Revisiting the Existing Notion of Continuous Improvement (Kaizen)' (2017)
"As you say, Toyota's organizational structure has been adopted by several other auto companies. I agree with you about the middle manager who takes the place of in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer in companies smaller than Toyota.
In fact, in another study, I compared coordination systems of Japanese auto companies. And I discovered that in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer was abolished at one of these companies. The reason for this is this company has only one automobile factory, the physical distance between the factory and the head office is close, and the relationship between the head office and the site managers is deep. So, as you say, what matters in Kaizen is the coordination, not the in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer itself. The in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer is just one way to solve coordination problems.
I think there can be at least three ways to solve coordination problems:
1. solution by the site manager
2. by headquarter engineers who go to the production site
3. by In-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer
And I also think that in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer is not needed for small businesses. Rather, in-line-technical-staff / shopfloor-engineer has the role of 'making large companies into small and medium enterprises' (like a 'small-world-network' in graph theory)."
Shumpei Iwao, Ph.D.
Junior Associate Professor International Business Division, Faculty of Economics, Meiji Gakuin University, Japan